ALIGN: Describes the process of bringing two or more items into mating conjunction so that all bolt holes and locating pins fit correctly.
ALIGNMENT: Describes the procedure of adjusting two objects to ensure that they are correctly related to each other.
ALIGNMENT GAP: Denotes the correct distance between two adjacent auto body panels., A sign of poor assembly quality is if the alignment gap varies too much.
ALIGNMENT PIN: Describes a type of pin used to align one part with another to align a cylinder head on an engine block.
ALIGNMENT STUD: Describes a stud used to align one part with another.
ALIGN REAM: Describes a process where the inside diameter of bushings to the correct size is reamed either manually or with a machine.
BEADED EDGE: Describes the edge of a body panel or upholstery panel wrapped around a wire or other stiffening item.
BEADING: Describes the action of forming a step in the middle of a panel, creating a slight indentation to reinforce the panel.
BEVEL: Describes the angle where one surface makes with another when they are not situated at right angles.
BODY FLANGE: Describes a point on a vehicle body where two panels overlap to form a small step.
BRAZE: Describes the procedure of joining two pieces of metal together by heating the edges to be joined and then melting drops of brass or bronze on the area. Unlike welding, this operation is similar to soldering, except a higher melting point material is used.
CRACK: Describes a minor fracture that is often barely visible to the naked eye.
FORGE: Describes the action of forcing a piece of hot metal into the desired shape through hammering.
FRENCHING: Describes the customising process of creating smooth curves shaping around the headlights, taillights, licence plate frames, among others, so that these items recede a little towards the interior of the panel opening and the chrome bezel or other surround take on the appearance of being part of the body panel.
HIGH SPOT: Describes a raised area on a panel surface.
HOLLOWING: Describes the action of forming a deeply crowned panel from a piece of sheet steel on a hollowing block, using special mallets and hammers.
HONE: Describes the procedure of removing metal with a fine grit abrasive stone to meet precise tolerances, sometimes using a honing device rotated in a cylinder to remove slight imperfections in the cylinder wall.
KNURL: Describes the procedure of indenting the finished surface of a piece of metal through pressing cross-hatched lines, raising the area between these lines.
LAY-UP RESIN: Describes the resin substance for fibreglass mat repairs WHEN used to laminate glass reinforced plastic (GRP) parts.
LAMINATE: Describes the process of building up a layer of thin sheets bonded together.
LEVEL OUT: Describes the procedure of removing irregularities on a metal panel using either a hammer and dolly or by filling and sanding (or both).
LINISHING: Describes a process of smoothing sheet metal by using power tools.
LIP: Describes the edge of a sheet metal panel that has been folded at right angles to the primary panel contours by spot welding
LIP MOULDING: Describes the moulding connecting the outer edge of a car bumper to the well.
MACHINING: Describes an operation where metal parts are shaped in a sequential turning, milling, and grinding process.
METAL FORMING: Describes the procedure of forming sheet metal through a molten metal process later casting, forging, stamping, and machining till the final shape is achieved.
NOTCH: Describes a V-shaped or U-shaped indentation cut into a moulded part.
SHAPING: Describes the primary forming of a filled surface using a body file to establish the approximate body contours previous to sanding.
SPRING BEATING: Describes a process in metalworking used to remove pressure ridges in body panels where a spring beating spoon is laid on the ridge area and is gradually moved across the ridge at the same time as its surface is hammered with a body hammer.
TEMPER: Describes changing in the physical structure of a piece of steel by applying heat and cold extremes.
TOOL: Describes the practice of manipulating a material by boring, drilling, grinding, milling, planing, polishing, pressing, punching, shaping and shearing,
WELTING: Describes a type of strip made either from plastic or rubber inserted between two removable panels to cover up a joint or prevent water from seeping in. The round bead along the upper edge of the piping is not only attractive but very practical.
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