SPRING: Describes a significant suspension system component used to absorb shocks, keeping the vehicle level, especially during turns. The three primary forms of springs are coil springs, leaf springs or torsion bars.
CANTILEVER SPRING: Describes a leaf spring mounted upside down and attached to the vehicle at its mid-point.
CLOSE COILS: Describes the coils or loops of a spring that are tightly together.
COIL SPRING: Describes a section of spring steel rod wound in a spiral pattern or shape that is widely used in both front and rear suspension systems. Often the shock absorbers run up the centre of the coil springs.
FLAT SPRING: Describes a long bar bent in the middle that flexes, allowing for pressure to be applied to the outer ends.
FREE HEIGHT: Describes the unloaded length or height of a spring.
HANGER: Describes a mounting bracket used to hold a leaf spring.
HELICAL: Describes a type of helix spiralling shape made by a coil spring.
INTERLEAF FRICTION: Describes the friction levels between individual leaves of a leaf spring.
LEAF SPRING: Describes the flat spring steel plates bent in an arch with curled ends to allow mounting to the vehicle frame. While most springs have several leaves, each smaller than the other, the longest one is the only one mounted to the frame.
LONGITUDINAL LEAF SPRING: Describes a type of leaf spring mounted so that it is parallel to the length of the vehicle.
LOWERING KIT: Describes a set of springs and other suspension parts used to reduce ground clearance.
MULTILEAF SPRING: Describes a leaf spring with several flat leaves held together by steel bands.
OVERLOAD SPRING: Describes a chassis spring that acts only under heavy load and prevents the vehicle from bottoming.
QUARTER-ELLIPTIC LEAF SPRING: Describes the cantilevered half of a semi-elliptic leaf spring, rigidly attached to a vehicle at its central section that supports the axle at its end section.
SEMI-ELLIPTIC SPRINGS: Describes a variety of leaf spring that takes its name from its semi-elliptic shape.
SHACKLE: Describes a form of swinging support used to attach the ends of a leaf spring to the vehicle's vehicle frame.
SINGLE-LEAF SPRING: Describes a suspension spring with just one flexible beam.
SOLID HEIGHT: Defines the height of a coil spring when compressed to the point where each coil is in contact with the adjacent coil.
SPLAYED SPRING: Describes a configuration where leaf springs are placed at an angle other than 90° to the axle.
SPRING AND DAMPER SETTINGS: Describes the level of suspension settings found in spring systems, where stiffer settings are graded to provide better handling on a bumpier ride while softer settings give a smoother ride but will harm performance.
SPRING EYE: Describes a cylindrical aperture formed by bending the end of a leaf spring around to allow it to be attached to a vehicle.
SPRING BRAKE: Describes an auxiliary brake system that utilises a spring load as a force for braking.
TENSIONING SPRING: Describes a spring designed to maintain tension in a drum brake.
TRANSVERSE LEAF SPRING: Describes a type of leaf spring mounted at right angles to the length of the vehicle.
VARIABLE RATE SPRINGS: Describes a set of springs, a feature of air suspension systems, which become stiffer under compression.
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